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On the basis on a current legal framework regulating financial sector, all money services businesses in the USA are obliged to get registered with the US treasury and finance department and obtain a US MSB license, unless the service provider acts solely as a middle person of a MSB. In this regard, governmental agencies and the US Postal Service are also exempt from mandatory registering as an MSB.
By the Banking Secrecy Act (BSA, the first law to fight illicit funds circulation in the US), institutions conducting services with finances i.e. MSBs must regularly submit reports with the FinCEN via the e-filing mechanism established by the BSA.
The FinCEN is under the remit of the US national treasury and finance department that gathers and checks data related to financial operations. The primary purpose of this organization is counteracting to both local and cross-border illicit funds circulation, as well as terroristic groups funding and other crimes associated with finances.
Under the conditions established by a legal and regulative framework, all MSBs in the US must renew their license with FinCEN as often as once a biannual basis. If the owners of the company were changed or voting power or equity interest of over 10% was transferred, the MSB will be obliged to re-file a registration application. Also, if the number of its intermediaries is increased by more than 50%, a business will need to get registered again.
All MSBs in the USA must operate as licensed and completely law-abiding entities. As per FinCEN, an organization that provides the below-mentioned goods or services will be considered an MSB:
In line with the law, all MSBs must draw up, implement, and update on a constant basis an effective AML policy to prevent and counteract illegal money turnover and the funding of terrorist operations. The scale of the program is subject to the nature and size of the MSB.
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