Criminal procedure (production) is an activity regulated by the norms of criminal procedure legislation. It is aimed at investigating and resolving criminal cases, punishing the perpetrators and protecting the rights and interests of victims.
The criminal procedural legislation of Ukraine establishes the procedure for criminal proceedings and consists of:
Criminal proceedings have several stages, which are independent and, at the same time, are closely related to the rest of the stages. These connections form a separate integral system.
This includes a preliminary investigation (this is a collection, a detailed study, verification of evidence, making a law enforcement act as a result), a trial in the court of first instance (this is preparation, a judicial investigation, the announcement of a sentence by the court).
As well as litigation for reviewing decisions made (re-examination of evidence, sentence), execution of court decisions.
Those persons who take part in criminal proceedings and have certain procedural rights and obligations are its direct participants.
The category of participants includes such persons as:
According to the laws of Ukraine, each person has the full right to protect their own rights, as well as freedoms from illegal actions, such as threats, persecution, etc. Only an advocate is entitled to act as a defense in accordance with the norms of the criminal procedure legislation of Ukraine.
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